By Waltraud Q. Morales
Compliment for the former version: ...the author's devotion to Bolivia and difficulty for its destiny shines through...Recommended.--Choice
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Extra info for A Brief History of Bolivia
Generally, the land was divided into twoacre plots; one whole plot went to each male member of the family and a half plot to each female member. All members of the community were obligated to cooperatively farm the plots of land belonging to the Inca and royal family, the priests, and the community’s widows and orphans, 9 A BRIEF HISTORY OF BOLIVIA The Great Inca Rulers Manco Kapac: founded the empire Sinchi Roca: divided the empire into four regions Mita Kapac: subdued the Kolla and other Aymara kingdoms Kapac Yupanqui: conquered many tribes of the central Andean valleys and made teaching the Quechua language obligatory Inca Roca: made Quechua the sole language of the empire and established schools for the children of the nobility in Cuzco Yuhuar Huácac: weak ruler deposed by his son Ripac, who took the new name of Viracocha Viracocha: extended the empire by far-reaching conquests and built grand palaces and canals Pachacútec: conquered the Chimú Empire in Peru, founded schools and religious centers, constructed a system of aqueducts, and ordered the design of a calendar Inca Yupanqui: extended the empire to the Maule River Tupac Yupanqui: founded Copacabana, constructed the Temple of the Island of the Moon, and marched on Quito (Ecuador) Huayna Capac: married the daughter of the ruler of Quito and ruled over the empire at its greatest extension; divided the empire between his two sons, Huáscar and Atahuallpa Huáscar: Ruled over the southern part of the empire in Cuzco and began a war with his brother, Atahuallpa.
Later, the tin boom in the 19th century once again shifted the power balance, this time northward along the altiplano to the mining centers of the department of Oruro and the city of La Paz. Today, Sucre remains Bolivia’s constitutional capital, but its population is dwindling and its Modern-day La Paz, the administrative capital of Bolivia, with volcanic Mount Illimani in the background (Copyright Daniel I. Komer, DDB Stock Photography) xxx INTRODUCTION: PEOPLE OF SOUTH AMERICA’S HEARTLAND significance is primarily historical.
The elaborately carved doorway was cut from a single block of stone. (Peter McFarren photo) external conquest. The most probable cause of the empire’s collapse, according to several modern experts, may have been a widespread and prolonged drought. The Kingdoms of the Aymara Bolivian historians believe that the Tiwanakan Empire was succeeded on the Bolivian altiplano by numerous small, regional Indian kingdoms. The people of these kingdoms were the direct ancestors of Bolivia’s Aymara. In modern times, Bolivians use the names Kolla and Kollasuyo to refer in a collective sense to the Aymara-based indigenous culture of the Bolivian altiplano and to all the Aymara kingdoms, respectively.