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Download Advances in Nuclear Physics by Sidney Kahana, A. J. Baltz (auth.), Michel Baranger, Erich PDF

By Sidney Kahana, A. J. Baltz (auth.), Michel Baranger, Erich Vogt (eds.)

The 3 articles of the current quantity basically express a large scope of articles, that is the purpose of this sequence. the object through Kahana and Baltz lies mostly circulate of the big movement of labor presently in development with heavy-ion accelerators. A comparable article by way of Terry Fortune on "Multinuclear move Reactions with Heavy Ions" is scheduled to seem within the subsequent quantity. the thing through Whitehead, Watt, Cole, and Morrison relates to the nuclear-shell version for which a few articles have seemed in our sequence. Our first actual quantity had a piece of writing on how SU(3) options can, with nice attractiveness, allow one to deal with the sizeable variety of states inside a configuration. however the real nuclear strength isn't really precisely that yielded through the based recommendations, and so curiosity persisted in facing the massive variety of states by means of brute strength. Then the Glasgow institution of Whitehead et al. stumbled on that mathematical recommendations existed for coping extra easily with the bottom eigenvalues of enormous matrices. the current ar­ ticle goals normally to make obtainable to nuclear physicists the equipment built at Glasgow. the ultimate article via Baer, Crowe, and Truol on radiative pion seize describes a brand new box of significance due to the creation of the meson factories. an increasing number of pions and muons turns into usual instruments in nuclear physics.

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Again it is necessary to decrease the imaginary depth: Figure 20 shows comparative calculations (Sch+ 76) made with W = 10,25 MeV. ) in Fig. 21. A pretty example of diffraction and L-dependence can be found in the Argonne measurements (Hen+ 74) in Fig. 22, for the reaction 48Ca(160, 14C) to the J = 0, 2, 4, 6 states of 50Ti. Both of the latter reactions are analyzed with calculations using weak imaginary potentials, at least in the nuclear surface. l c; "0 ...... m•(deg) 60 Fig. 21. ). S. D "- I.

M•(deg) 60 Fig. 21. ). S. D "- I. 01 ,, '/ :' " ;~ " Fig. 22. Angular distributions for 48Ca(160, HC) at 56 MeV populating 0+, 2+, 4+, 6+ states in 50Ti. The shift of the highest peak outwards in angle with increasing L is evident. 01 o· 50· 0 52 Sidney Kahana and A. J. Baltz b -/l. 0 :a tl ~ ~+~ t V ... 0 ~ t; :g. m. m. (deg) Fig. 23. s. (Lem + 74). Finally, data from the reactions 48Ca(160, 15N)49S C at 56 MeV and 64NW 6 0, 14C)66Zn at 56 MeV, obtained at the Niels Bohr Institute (Bal+ 74) and Saclay (Lem+ 74), respectively, are displayed in Fig.

One unattractive feature of the potentials, used, for example, in the (180, 160) reaction on the Ni isotopes, was a reduction in absorption throughout the nuclear volume. It is possible to achieve the desired diffractive patterns with an imaginary potential transparent in the surface but kept sufficiently deep at small ion-target separation to virtually eliminate direct reactions from the interior.

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