By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A prime mound web site deals a wealth of fundamental info on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the biggest prehistoric mound website in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It was once first recorded in August 1739 through normal James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an excursion to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote largely of the ecology of the world in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity by way of Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, fairly of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.
Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations persisted lower than quite a few sponsorships until eventually December 1936, whilst the locality used to be officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth hotel, and funeral mound printed an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be came across to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items integrated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been came upon at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer web site in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been proven as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological examine and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided a whole remedy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally comparable them successfully to different identified cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Additional resources for Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
Lamar is a hybrid material culture embodying elements of the ancient southeastern complicated stamping tradition and such late Mississippian traits as incising and cazuela bowls. That it actually represents a fusion of peoples remains to be proved. It is characterized, aside from the typical pottery, by small sites, paired mounds, and open courts, vestiges of the Southern Cult, and the frequency of the sites. Agriculture, first reaching its full expression in Macon Plateau times, had now resulted in such an increase of population that most available farmland was occupied at least during some part of this period.
It was vastly older than those of the secondary interments, and had heen artificially distorted to such an extent that the cerebellum was quite obliterated, while the front portion of the skull had not only been flattened but irregularly compressed. so as to cause an undue elevation and divergence to the left. trison we have (in Plate IV-A) figured two skulls, the first (I) being that of a modern Indian buried upon the side of the mound only a few feet below the surface; the other, the cranium of the primitive man in whose honor the tumulus was constructed.
D. 900-1100 seem to fit Macon Plateau well with other similar periods, although no radiocarbon dates are yet available. In spite of the fact that Macon Plateau people drove the Swift Creek people out of central Georgia, their domination of other areas was not complete and the evolution of complicated stamped pottery went on, apparently to the north, east, and south. Central Georgia (perhaps just the Macon Plateau to Brown's Mount area), seems to be the only district which the Macon Plateau people dominated completely.