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Download Atomic Anxiety: Deterrence, Taboo and the Non-Use of U.S. by Frank Sauer PDF

By Frank Sauer

With the concept that of 'Atomic Anxiety', this e-book deals a unique standpoint on the most very important and longstanding puzzles of foreign politics: the non-use of U.S. nuclear guns. by means of targeting the terror surrounding nuclear guns, it explains why nuclear deterrence and the nuclear taboo are operating at go reasons in perform.

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Extra resources for Atomic Anxiety: Deterrence, Taboo and the Non-Use of U.S. Nuclear Weapons

Sample text

H. Carr are usually said to be among the first scholars advocating objective and scientific thinking about international relations (Hollis/ Smith, 1991, pp. 20–28, 45). They did so in opposition to what they themselves deemed the ‘utopist’ or ‘alchemist’ (Carr, 2001 [1939], p. 8) follies of Idealism. While Carr and Morgenthau declared their writings a quest for the discovery of the ‘objective laws’ of politics (Morgenthau, 2005 [1948], p. 4; cf. Carr, 2001 [1939], p. 10), their Realism was actually steeped in questions of morality, heavily reliant on the elusive notion of individual ‘prudence’ and neither theoretically nor methodologically conformed to the ideal of objectivity and science (understood as natural science).

12; cf. Walker, 2010),9 how does the nuclear taboo prevent the use of nuclear weapons? Drawing on the social constructivist body of literature on the relevance of social norms, Tannenwald ascribes regulative and constitutive effects to it. The first effect regulates the actions of political decision-makers. It does so in two possible ways. First, it increases political costs by one’s having to justify one’s action vis-à-vis the domestic or global public. Second, it becomes internalized through repetition as a genuine inhibition threshold that decision-makers, who are themselves convinced of the existence and moral value of the taboo, no longer dare cross (for the notion of different stages or degrees of norm internalization, see Wendt, 1999, pp.

35) and make nuclear weapons usable again. S. Congress denied funding for the RNEP twice during the George W. Bush administration, the possibility for future technical breakthroughs to satisfy the effectiveness criterion, making the weapon usable, is now no less unthinkable than before. Tannenwald (2007, p. 59) concluded in 2007 that the nuclear taboo – although strong and widely internalized today – is not yet a ‘fully robust norm’ and that it might unravel in processes such as the one surrounding the RNEP.

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