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Download Avian cognition : exploring the intelligence, behavior, and by Debra S. Herrmann PDF

By Debra S. Herrmann

Unlike the other publication, Avian Cognition thoroughly examines avian intelligence, habit, and individuality. personal tastes, offerings, motivation, and conduct of species, flocks, and person birds are mentioned and in comparison. This publication investigates who birds are and why they do what they do. day-by-day, seasonal, and play actions, creativity, reasoning talents, problem-solving talents, social interplay, lifestyles phases, and conversation styles are defined, and a contrast is made among vocalizations which are discovered and those who are inherited. The habit and intelligence of either wild and puppy birds is in comparison, and in contrast to different books, whole chapters are dedicated to a unmarried species.

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Extra info for Avian cognition : exploring the intelligence, behavior, and individuality of birds

Sample text

As a result, to understand behavior correctly it is necessary to examine the totality of an individual’s behavior in context, not just isolated events. This is particularly important when trying to understand animal behavior; hence, long periods of observation are needed. Attempts have been made to reduce behavior, human and animal, to a series of stimulus response scenarios. The majority of advertising is based on this premise. However, in depth analysis indicates that a lot more is going on. A stimulus may be a memory or some combination of sensory input.

One can observe young children from any culture who have not yet learned to speak and easily discern their emotions, such as an infant smiling. At the same time it is important to remember that different species have different or expanded sensory perceptions, social orders, and life styles. As a result, different species may experience emotions and express emotions in ways that are unfamiliar to humans. The emotional states of the birds discussed in Chapters 7 through 11 were monitored. The term emotional state is used instead of emotion to indicate the expression of an emotion (which is observable), rather than an emotion that is felt (which is difficult to observe).

As just mentioned, learning is an 4 Avian Cognition: Exploring the Intelligence, Behavior, and Individuality of Birds ongoing cumulative process built around acquiring, comparing, and organizing new learning tokens with existing learning tokens. If a person ceases to acquire new learning tokens, by definition they also cease accessing, comparing, and organizing existing learning tokens. Eventually learning and the capacity for learning cease and the functional knowledge retained decreases. Knowledge that isn’t accessed and used frequently is lost.

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